Welcome to my portfolio!

I solve problems using code!

My name is Marcelo L. Lotufo. I am a developer and I work at Lotuz. I started progamming when I was 15 years old, trying to create maps in Warcraft 3 and games in Flash. Now I use my computer science knowledge to create solutions for my clients.

Get a quote!

Modding Shapez.io


Some days ago I stumbled on this game called shapez.io and to my surprise, the game was both opensource and built using web technologies.

I played it for some time and started to wonder how one would mod the game, unfortunetely the game wasn't exactly built with the idea to support mods, so the only way to actually add something was to edit its source code.

The game is built on top of a custom engine, that if I understood correctly was adapted from another game that the developer had built previously. This engine is not fancy with a lot of cranks and bolts like a Phaser, but it gets the job done for the game. (No need for features that you won't use right?)

The code is well documented and has a nice architecture overall, the main coder tobspr has done a good job with the code. The code uses entity-component-system (ECS) to structure its many parts, each Entity can have many Components that is related to a System.

A Component adds attributes(rotation, variant, strength) to an Entity, while a system adds the actual logic to it.

I believe that Unity also uses this architecture for its engine.


The mod idea

I wanted to keep my feet on the ground and start simple, so the first thing I thought to add were belts with different colors. As the game uses the base additive colors a lot, I thought those would be my best bet for new belt colors that would fit the game theme.

Creating the sprites

Although in the past I managed to create pixel art for a college game, I don't consider myself an artist, so I had to find an easy way to create the new belt sprites, maybe open each file and paint those little arrows... That would have being a hell of a task, lucky that the developer actually used a node/canvas script to generate the belts. I just had to add a few hex colors and a for, and the job was done.

Creating the atlas

The game uses a sprite sheet for its image and Texture Packer to create its sprite atlases and you have to pay to use it, so I had to figure out a free alternative.

I looked around on npm for something that would help. Spritesmith looked promising, but didn't seem to do the job. I tried Spritesheet.js and it almost did the job... ALMOST.

The code had two flaws: a deprecated node API call and it didn't send the scale value to the atlas json.

It did not matter the scale I used, on the outputed json it always was "1", so I fixed the code directly on the node_modules folder and later created a fork of spritesheet.js (probably will create a pull request with the fix)

Wrote some npm scripts to generate the atlases that were needed and done!

The only thing to note is that Texture Packer has more features and produces better sprite sheets, the game with my sprite sheets has some flicker on the sprites borders and at the moment I didn't want to spend time fixing it.

Creating the buildings

Looking around the code, each building was created with the possibility to have variants. A trash bin has the storage variant, a 2 part cutter has a 4 part cutter variant, and so on.

Knowing this, the simplest way to add my belts would be to add belt variants without messing with any other part of its logic. It is just a visual aid mod anyways.

I added the belt variants, but it still was crashing telling me that the game didn't understand that building code.

There must be some kind of registry somewhere...

Some greps later, I found the code to register buildings and the building ids are incremental hardcoded numbers which in my opinion is bad. If there was some sort of mod loader that would call each mod to register its buildings and they had to hardcode building ids, things would go south REALLY fast. I believe the Minecraft had the same sort of problem before Forge.

Belts registered!

The MOD was complete and it worked!

If you want to see the actual code and changes made I suggest you look at github.

I hope you enjoyed, keep coding!


Do you have questions? Just wanna chat? Send me a DM or tag @marcel0ll on twitter!